Cross References of Old Testament to Revelation

By Phillip G. Kayser · Revelation 1-22 · 2015-5-3

There are over 1000 allusions, parallels, and quotes from the Old Testament in the book of Revelation. Some of these can be more readily seen when comparing the Greek of Revelation with the Greek translation of the Old Testament, known as the Septuagint, or simply labeled as LXX. This chart gives a few of the significant allusions or parallels. Rather than think of them as quotes, think of them as parallels.

RevelationOld Testament
chapter
1:1Daniel 2:28-29
1:4Isaiah 11:2
1:5Genesis 49:11; Psalm 89:27
1:6Exodus 19:6; Isaiah 61:6
1:7Daniel 7:13; Zechariah 12:10-14
1:8Isaiah 41:4
1:12Exodus 25:37; 37:23
1:13Daniel 7:13; 10:5, 16
1:14Daniel 7:9; 10:6
1:15Ezekiel 1:7, 24; 43:2; Daniel 10:6
1:16Judges 5:31; Isaiah 49:2
1:17Isaiah 41:4; 44:6; 48:12; Daniel 8:17-18;10:9, 10, 12, 15, 19
1:18Job 3:17; Hosea 13:14
2:4Jeremiah 2:2
2:7Genesis 2:9; 3:22-24; Proverbs 11:30; 13:12; Ezekiel 31:8 (LXX)
2:12Isaiah 49:2
2:14Numbers 25:1-3
2:17Exodus 16:33-34; Isaiah 62:2; 65:15
2:18Daniel 10:6
2:20I Kings 16:31-32; II Kings 9:7, 22
2:23Psalm 7:9; 26:2; 28:4; Jeremiah 11:20; 17:10 2:27 Psalm 2:7-9; Isaiah 30:14; Jeremiah 19:11
3:4Ecclesiastes 9:8
3:5Exodus 32:32-33
3:7Isaiah 22:22
3:9Isaiah 43:4; 49:23; 60:14
3:12Isaiah 62:2; Ezekiel 48:35
3:14Genesis 49:3; Deuteronomy 21:17
3:18Isaiah 55:1
3:19Proverbs 3:12
4:1Ezekiel 1:1
4:2Isaiah 6:1; Ezekiel 1:26-28; Daniel 7:9
4:3Ezekiel 1:26, 28; 10:1
4:5Exodus 19:16; 25:37; Isaiah 11:2; Ezekiel 1:13 4:6 Ezekiel 1:5, 18, 22, 26; 10:1, 12
4:7Ezekiel 1:10, 10:14
4:8Isaiah 6:2-3; Ezekiel 1:18; 10:12
4:9Deuteronomy 32:40; Daniel 4:34; 6:26; 12:7 4:11 Genesis 1:1
5:1Ezekiel 2:9-10; Daniel 12:4
5:5Genesis 49:9-10; Isaiah 11:1, 10
5:6Isaiah 11:2; Zechariah 3:8-9; 4:10
5:8Psalm 111:2
5:9Psalm 40:3; 98:1; 144:9; 149:1; Isaiah 42:10; Daniel 5:19 5:10 Exodus 19:6; Isaiah 61:6
5:11Daniel 7:10
6:2Zechariah 1:8; 6:3
6:4Zechariah 1:8; 6:2
6:5Zechariah 6:2
6:8Jeremiah 15:2-3; 24:10; 29:17; Ezekiel 14:21; Hosea 13:14; Zechariah 6:3
6:12Isaiah 50:3; Joel 2:10
6:13Isaiah 34:4
6:14Isaiah 34:4; Nahum 1:5
6:15Psalm 48:4-6; Isaiah 2:10-12, 19
6:16Hosea 10:8
6:17Psalm 76:7; Jeremiah 30:7; Nahum 1:6; Zephaniah 1:14-18; Malachi 3:2
7:1Isaiah 11:2; Jeremiah 49:36; Ezekiel 7:2; 37:9; Daniel 7:2; Zechariah 6:5
7:3Ezekiel 9:4-6
7:4Genesis 49:1-28
7:9Leviticus 23:40
7:10Psalm 3:8
7:14Genesis 49:11
7:15Leviticus 26:11
7:16Psalm 121:5-6; Isaiah 49:10 7:17 Psalm 23:1-2; Ezekiel 34:23
8:3Psalm 141:2
8:4Psalm 141:2
8:5Ezekiel 10:2
8:5-6Exodus 19:16
8:7Exodus 9:23-24; Psalm 18:13; Isaiah 28:2
8:8Exodus 7:17-19
8:10Isaiah 14:12
8:11Jeremiah 9:15; 23:15 8:12 Isaiah 13:10
9:1Isaiah 14:12-14
9:2Genesis 19:28; Exodus 19:8
9:3Exodus 10:12-15
9:4Ezekiel 9:4
9:6Job 3:21
9:8Joel 1:6
9:9Joel 2:5
9:11Job 26:6; 28:22; 31:12; Psalm 88:11; Proverbs 15:11 9:14 Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 1:4
10:1Ezekiel 1:26-28
10:4Daniel 8:26; 12:4-9
10:5Deuteronomy 32:40; Daniel 12:7
10:6Genesis 1:1; Deuteronomy 32:40; Nehemiah 9:6; Daniel 12:17 10:7 Amos 3:7
10:9Jeremiah 15:16; Ezekiel 2:8-33 10:11 Ezekiel 37:4, 9
11:1Ezekiel 40:3-4; Zechariah 2:1-2 11:2 Ezekiel 40:17-20
11:4Zechariah 4:1-3, 11-14
11:5Numbers 16:35; II Kings 1:10-12 11:6 Exodus 7:19-25; I Kings 17:1 11:7 Exodus 7:3, 7, 8, 21
11:8Isaiah 1:9-10; 3:9; Jeremiah 23:14; Ezekiel 16:49; Ezekiel 23:3, 8, 19, 27
11:9Psalm 79:2-3
11:11Ezekiel 37:9-10
11:15Exodus 15:18; Daniel 2:44-45; 7:13-14, 27 11:18 Psalm 2:1-3; 46:6; 115:13
12:1Genesis 37:9-11
12:2Isaiah 26:17; 66:7; Micah 4:9-10
12:3Isaiah 27:1; Daniel 7:7, 20, 24
12:4Daniel 8:10
12:5Psalm 2:8-9; Isaiah 66:7
12:7Daniel 10:13, 21; 12:1
12:9Genesis 3:1; Job 1:6; 2:1; Zechariah 3:1
12:10Job 1:9-11; 2:4-5; Zechariah 3:1
12:14Exodus 19:4; Deuteronomy 32:11; Isaiah 40:31; Daniel 7:25; 12:7; Hosea 2:14-15 12:15 Hosea 15:10
12:17Genesis 3:15
13:1Daniel 7:3, 7, 8
13:2Daniel 7:4-6, 8
13:3Daniel 7:8
13:4Daniel 8:24
13:5Daniel 7:8, 11, 20, 25; 11:36 13:7 Daniel 7:21
13:8Daniel 12:1
13:10Jeremiah 15:2; 43:11 13:11 Daniel 8:3
13:13I Kings 1:9-12
14:1Psalm 2:6; Ezekiel 9:4 14:2 Ezekiel 1:24; 43:2 14:3 Psalm 144:9
14:7Exodus 20:11
14:8Isaiah 21:9; Jeremiah 51:7-8
14:10Genesis 19:24; Psalm 75:8; Isaiah 51:17 14:11 Isaiah 34:10; 66:24
14:14Daniel 7:13
14:18Joel 3:13
14:19Isaiah 63:1-6
14:20Joel 3:13
15:1Leviticus 26:21
15:3Exodus 15:1-18; Deuteronomy 31:30-32:44; Psalm 92:5; Psalm 111:2; 139:14
15:4Psalm 86:9; Isaiah 66:23; Jeremiah 10:7
15:5Exodus 38:21
15:6Leviticus 26:21
15:7Jeremiah 25:15
15:8Exodus 40:34-35; Leviticus 26:21; I Kings 8:10-11; II Chronicles 5:13-14; Isaiah 6:1-4
16:1Psalm 79:6; Jeremiah 10:25; Ezekiel 22:31 16:2 Exodus 9:9-11; Deuteronomy 28:35
16:3Exodus 7:17-25
16:4Exodus 7:17-21; Psalm 78:44
16:5Psalm 145:17
16:6Isaiah 49:26
16:7Psalm 19:9; 145:17
16:10Exodus 10:21-23
16:12Isaiah 11:15-16; 41:2, 25; 46:11; Jeremiah 51:36
16:13Exodus 8:6
16:14I Kings 22:21-23
16:16Judges 5:19; II Kings 23:29-30; II Chronicles 35:22; Zechariah 12:11 16:19 Jeremiah 25:15
16:21Exodus 9:18-25
17:1Jeremiah 51:13; Nahum 3:4 17:2 Isaiah 23:17
17:3Daniel 7:7
17:4Jeremiah 51:7; Ezekiel 28:13 17:8 Exodus 32:32-33; Daniel 12:1 17:12 Daniel 7:24-25
17:16Leviticus 21:9
18:1Ezekiel 43:2
18:2Isaiah 21:9; 34:13-15; Jeremiah 50:30; 51:37 18:3 Jeremiah 51:7
18:4Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 50:8; 51:6, 45
18:5Jeremiah 41:9
18:6Psalm 137:8; Jeremiah 50:15, 29
18:7Isaiah 47:7-8; Zephaniah 2:15
18:8Isaiah 47:9; Jeremiah 50:31-32
18:9-19 Ezekiel 26:16-18; 27:26-31
18:9Jeremiah 50:46
18:10Isaiah 13:1
18:12Ezekiel 27:12-25
18:20Jeremiah 51:48
18:21Jeremiah 51:63-64
18:22Isaiah 24:8; Jeremiah 25:10; Ezekiel 26:13 18:23 Jeremiah 7:34; 16:9; 25:10; Nahum 3:4
19:2Deuteronomy 32:43; Psalm 119:137; Jeremiah 51:48 19:3 Isaiah 34:9-10; Jeremiah 51:48
19:5Psalm 22:23; 134:1; 135:1
19:6Psalm 93:1; 97:1; Ezekiel 1:24; 43:2; Daniel 10:6 19:11 Psalm 18:10; 45:3-4; Isaiah 11:4-5; Ezekiel 1:1 19:13 Isaiah 63:3
19:15Psalm 2:8-9; Isaiah 11:4; 63:3-6 19:16 Deuteronomy 10:17
19:17Isaiah 34:6-7; Ezekiel 39:17 19:18 Isaiah 34:6-7; Ezekiel 39:18 19:19 Psalm 2:2; Joel 3:9-11
19:20Isaiah 30:33: Daniel 7:11
19:21Ezekiel 39:19-20
20:2Genesis 3:1, 13-14; Isaiah 24:21-22
20:4Daniel 7:9, 22, 27; 12:2 20:5 Isaiah 26:14
20:6Exodus 19:6; Isaiah 26:19 20:8 Ezekiel 38:2; 39:1, 6
20:9Deuteronomy 23:14; II Kings 1:9-12; Ezekiel 38:22; 39:6 20:11 Daniel 2:35
20:12Exodus 32:32-33; Psalm 62:12; 69:28; Daniel 7:10
20:15Exodus 32:32-33; Daniel 12:1
21:1Isaiah 65:17; 66:22
21:3Leviticus 26:11-12; Ezekiel 37:27
21:4Isaiah 25:8; 35:10; 51:11; 65:19
21:9Leviticus 26:21
21:10Ezekiel 40:2
21:11Isaiah 60:1-2; Ezekiel 43:2
21:12-13Ezekiel 48:31-34
21:15Ezekiel 40:3, 5
21:19-20Exodus 28:17-20; Isaiah 54:11-12
21:23Isaiah 60:19-20
21:24Isaiah 60:3-5, 16
21:25Isaiah 60:11; Zechariah 14:7
21:26Isaiah 60:5, 16
21:27Isaiah 52:1; Ezekiel 44:9; Zechariah 14:21
22:1Psalm 46:4; Ezekiel 47:1; Zechariah 14:8 22:2 Genesis 2:9; 3:22-24; Ezekiel 47:12
22:3Genesis 3:17-19; Zechariah 14:11
22:4Psalm 17:15; Ezekiel 9:4
22:5Isaiah 60:19; Daniel 7:18, 22, 27; Zechariah 14:7 22:10 Daniel 8:26; 12:4, 9
22:11Ezekiel 3:27; Daniel 12:10
22:12Psalm 62:12; Isaiah 40:10; 62:11
22:13Isaiah 44:6
22:14Genesis 2:9; 3:22-24; Proverbs 11:30 22:15 Deuteronomy 23:18
22:18-19Deuteronomy 4:2; 12:32
22:19Deuteronomy 29:19-20

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